The Pros and Cons of our Prison System It has been a growing public concern that the criminal justice system was not succeeding in its job of securing civil society from lawbreakers especially the violent ones. A punitive model of justice is based on the perception that punishment like incarceration is an effective means of providing justice for the victims. The main frame of argument is that infliction of pain or suffering is the morally justifiable means of making the offender pay for the crime that they have committed. The reformatory system of corrections assumes that men could be reformed and, therefore, it is important that incarceration should also include training and education of offenders.
It has come to symbolize the leniency of the criminal justice system; or, in other words, the "soft on crime" approach. This option is typically viewed as letting inmates out of prison early or not sufficiently punishing them for their crimes.
A disadvantage to the community corrections model, therefore, is the lack of political support necessary to receive funding or be implemented as intended. The "soft on crime" perception is contrary to 30 years of criminal justice research that concludes there is a punitive impact on offenders under community supervision.
The program review committee concludes the crime debate should not focus on whether a strategy is "tough" or "soft," but rather on the effectiveness and efficiency of a policy for reducing crime and recidivism.
Under any crime policy, whether it is aggressive or lenient, serious violent offenders will most likely go to prison, even if the correctional system is at or over capacity. Having extra prison space, therefore, makes more difference in the sentencing of the non-violent and less serious offender who might be a better candidate for an alternative sentencing option; typically referred to as "net widening.
As previously stated, the criminal justice system makes more conservative decisions and narrows its discretionary authority. As the system expands and more beds come on-line, the court may send certain offenders to prison rather then order alternative sanctions or treatment simply because prison beds are available.
A consequence of increasing prison beds and an aggressive "tough on crime" policy Prison overcrowding alternative sentencing pros and cons a disproportionate share of prison resources are invested on non-violent, low level offenders. Figure V-1 breaks down the inmate population in terms of their primary offenses, which is the most serious crime for which an offender is convicted and sentenced.
Only 12 percent of the inmate population was convicted of a violent crime 1. In fact, violation of probation offenses represent the largest percentage 27 percent of inmate admissions.
Policymakers and criminal justice administrators have not yet recognized the importance of community supervision in terms of public safety and reducing crime and recidivism.
Current public polling data on crime, however, indicate the public is more pragmatic about punishment options and less ideological than the current "tough on crime" political debate reflects 2.
The public appears willing to accept that punitive approaches i. The program review committee, therefore, finds the General Assembly must redefine and reinvest in a comprehensive community corrections strategy to manage inmate population growth and reduce crime and recidivism.
The recommended model is based on a range or continuum of punishment options that provide graduated levels of supervision and harshness. Mandating this sentencing structure enables policy-makers and criminal justice administrators to maintain expensive prison cells to incapacitate violent and repeat criminals.
At the same time, less restrictive, community-based treatment programs and restitution-focused sentences punish nonviolent and low level offenders, while holding them accountable for their actions and increasing their chances for rehabilitation. Ultimately, this model offers a comprehensive public safety strategy.
Public safety is best served by a comprehensive system that provides incarceration for the most serious offender and supervision of offenders who are not incarcerated and inmates as they transition from prison back to their communities.
Pros and Cons of Determinate and Indeterminate Sentencing Indeterminate sentencing used to be the rule in every state and for the federal courts as well. Crimes usually carried a maximum sentence, but judges were free to choose among various options—imprisonment, probation, and fines. Prison overcrowding is one of the key contributing factors to poor prison conditions around the world. Its consequences can at worst be life-threatening at best prevent prisons from fulfilling their proper function. Criminal Justice: The Pros and Cons of our Prison System It has been a growing public concern that the criminal justice system was not succeeding in its job of securing civil .
Rehabilitative and treatment services must be provided within an institutional setting and in the community or risks to public safety will not be minimized. The program review committee found the majority 78 percent of convicted offenders are not sent to prison, but are supervised in the community.
In addition, 69 percent of convicted offenders sent to prison are under a sentence of three years or less, with half serving a year or less.
Inattention to the behavior -- criminal and non-criminal -- of offenders in the community misses the opportunity to intervene in a positive manner and all but promises recidivism and eventual imprisonment. Failing to provide, develop, and adequately fund a community corrections model invariably places the public at risk.
An advantage of the community corrections strategy is its comprehensive approach to ensuring public safety by distributing resources and attention to all offenders rather than focusing on the small percentage who are incarcerated.
The community corrections model can offer a long-term strategy to reducing crime and recidivism by providing a range of graduated sanctions, including prison for the most serious offender.
Resources are equally distributed based on punishment requirements, offender rehabilitative and treatment needs, victim restitution, and caseload. The prison expansion model is a short-term crime strategy.
Resources are focused on the small percentage of offenders in the most intensive and expensive punishment option -- prison. Under this model, a reduced share of resources and attention are typically given to the vast majority of offenders in the community where they pose the highest risk to public safety.
Management of total offender population. A disadvantage of the prison expansion model its focus on offenders coming into prison and "toughening" punishment by lengthening the period of time spent incarcerated, especially for serious and violent offenders.
It fails to consider the cumulative impact of thousands of criminals who may also be serious and violent that eventually return to or remain in their communities.
Almost every offender sent to prison eventually returns to their community -- usually within less than three years. As previously discussed, most sentenced offenders 78 percent are supervised on a daily basis in the community on probation, parole, or a DOC early release program such as transitional supervision or re-entry furlough.
In addition, each year, aboutaccused offenders are released on bond by the court to await adjudication of their crimes. Figure V-2 shows only 22 percent of the sentenced offender population in was in prison Obviously, Connecticut requires a comprehensive criminal justice strategy that focuses on the needs and risks posed by the total offender population in prison or the community.
Until the criminal activity of the three quarters of offenders who reside and are supervised in the community is curbed, any real reductions in crime or the prison population will be difficult to achieve. Implementing a strategy to manage all accused and sentenced offenders is an advantage of the community corrections model.
The benefits of rehabilitation and treatment services for offenders are well documented 3.Criminal Justice: The Pros and Cons of our Prison System It has been a growing public concern that the criminal justice system was not succeeding in its job of securing civil .
The alternatives to imprisonment are types of punishment or treatment other than time in prison that can be given to a person who is convicted of committing a crime.
Some of these are also known as alternative urbanagricultureinitiative.comatives can take the form of fines, restorative justice, transformative justice or no punishment at all.
Capital punishment and corporal punishment are also alternatives. Video: Prison Overcrowding: spending more time in prison due to the Truth in Sentencing Act, Prison Labor: Pros & Cons; Prison Privatization. A Department of Justice sentencing panel is about to propose an amendment to federal guidelines with the idea of retaining severe penalties for dangerous and violent drug traffickers while.
8 Pros and Cons of Mandatory Minimum Sentences Mandatory minimum sentences refer to court decision settings that require people convicted of crimes to spend time in prison for a minimum number of years, regardless of the individual circumstances they find themselves in.
They can lead to overcrowding in prisons. With these in mind, it.
Home Human Rights 9 Primary Pros And Cons of Mandatory Minimum Sentences. 9 Primary Pros And Cons of Mandatory Minimum Sentences. Human Rights; One particular part of the criminal justice system is mandatory minimum sentencing, which has become hot subject at the heart of the need to reduce the incentive of committing crimes and racial.