Litigation law 531

Commercial bribery It seems likely, but is not yet certain, that further grounds will be recognised in future, in circumstances where a party's consent to a contract has been improperly obtained. A misrepresentation is a false statement of past or present fact, not law or opinion, made by one party to another, before or at the time of the contract, concerning some matter or circumstance relating to it. Misrepresentations are classified as being fraudulent, negligent or innocent. Misrepresentations must be distinguished from:

Litigation law 531

Bush asserted that the net gain for Vice President Gore in Palm Beach County was votes, and directed the Circuit Court to resolve that dispute on remand. The court further held that relief would require manual recounts in all Florida counties where so-called "undervotes" had not been subject to manual tabulation.

The court ordered all manual recounts to begin at once. Governor Bush and Richard Cheney, Republican candidates for President and Vice President, filed an emergency application for a stay of this mandate. On December 9, we granted the application, treated the application as a petition for a writ of certiorari, and granted certiorari.

The proceedings leading to the present controversy are discussed in some detail in our opinion in Bush v. Palm Beach County Canvassing Bd. On November 8,the day following the Presidential election, the Florida Division of Elections reported that petitioner Bush had received 2, votes, and respondent Gore had received 2, votes, a margin of Mr.

Litigation law 531, pro se, Paul F. Adams, and Roger J. Bernstein; and for Michael F.

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Because Governor Bush's margin of victory was less than "one-half of a percent A dispute arose concerning the deadline for local county canvassing boards to submit their returns to the Secretary of State Secretary.

The Secretary declined to waive the November 14 deadline imposed by statute. The Florida Supreme Court, however, set the deadline at November We granted certiorari and vacated the Florida Supreme Court's decision, finding considerable uncertainty as to the grounds on which it was based.

Bush I, ante, at On December 11, the Florida Supreme Court issued a decision on remand reinstating that date. On November 26, the Florida Elections Canvassing Commission certified the results of the election and declared Governor Bush the winner of Florida's 25 electoral votes.

The Circuit Court denied relief, stating that Vice President Gore failed to meet his burden of proof. Accepting jurisdiction, the Florida Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part. Harris, Per Curiam So. The court held that the Circuit Court had been correct to reject Vice President Gore's challenge to the results certified in Nassau County and his challenge to the Palm Beach County Canvassing Board's determination that 3, ballots cast in that county were not, in the statutory phrase, "legal votes.

Litigation law 531

Noting the closeness of the election, the court explained that "[o]n this record, there can be no question that there are legal votes within the 9, uncounted votes sufficient to place the results of this election in doubt.

A "legal vote," as determined by the Supreme Court, is "one in which there is a 'clear indication of the intent of the voter. The court therefore ordered a hand recount of the 9, ballots in Miami-Dade County.

The Supreme Court also determined that Palm Beach County and Miami-Dade County, in their earlier manual recounts, had identified a net gain of and legal votes, respectively, for Vice President Gore.

Rejecting the Circuit Court's conclusion that Palm Beach County lacked the authority to include the net votes sub- mitted past the November 26 deadline, the Supreme Court explained that the deadline was not intended to exclude votes identified after that date through ongoing manual recounts.

As to Miami-Dade County, the court concluded that although the votes identified were the result of a partial recount, they were "legal votes [that] could change the outcome of the election. The Supreme Court therefore directed the Circuit Court to include those totals in the certified results, subject to resolution of the actual vote total from the Miami-Dade partial recount.South African contract law is ‘essentially a modernised version of the Roman-Dutch law of contract’, which is itself rooted in canon and Roman laws.

In the broadest definition, a contract is an agreement two or more parties enter into with the serious intention of creating a legal obligation.

Contract law provides a legal framework within which persons can transact business and exchange. United States corporate law regulates the governance, finance and power of corporations in US state and territory has its own basic corporate code, while federal law creates minimum standards for trade in company shares and governance rights, found mostly in the Securities Act of and the Securities and Exchange Act of , as amended by laws like the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of .

[Rev. 6/2/ PM] CHAPTER 86 - LIMITED-LIABILITY COMPANIES. GENERAL PROVISIONS. NRS Definitions.. NRS “Articles” and “articles of organization” defined.. NRS “Bankrupt” defined.. NRS “Foreign limited-liability company” defined. Utah and Metro Phoenix Litigation Law Firm Fights for Clients’ Rights or in Phoenix at () , or contact us online to schedule a free consultation on the facts of your case.

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Litigation law 531

Please fill out the form below and one of our attorneys will contact you. Quick Contact Form. For reprint rights, email [email protected] for prices or call To purchase a copy of your Daily Journal photo, call It is not uncommon for individuals or businesses to find themselves involved in a legal dispute with another party.

Disputes of this nature, such as a breach of contract, typically fall under what is known as civil litigation which entails the use of .

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