Literature china essay

Hire Writer Early genres included drama, fables, sutras and epic poetry. The Vedas are among the oldest sacred texts. In ancient Greece, the epics of Homer, who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey, and Hesiod, who wrote Works and Days and Theogony, are some of the earliest, and most influential, of Ancient Greek literature.

Literature china essay

Literature china essay

It was written to show how Classical Chinese has become an impractical language for speakers of modern Chinese because Classical Chinese when spoken aloud is largely incomprehensible. However the poem is perfectly comprehensible when read silently because Literary Chinese, by its very nature as a written language using a logographic writing system, can often get away with using homophones that even in spoken Old Chinese would not have been distinguishable in any way.

Literature china essay

However, such homophones are far more common in Literary Chinese than in English. However none of these systems has seen extensive use. Classical Chinese grammar Classical Chinese is distinguished from written vernacular Chinese in its style, which appears extremely concise and compact to modern Chinese speakers, and to some extent in the use of different lexical items vocabulary.

An essay in Classical Chinese, for example, might use half as many Chinese characters as in vernacular Chinese to relate the same content.

Chinese Essays: Prose, Four Books and Five Classics

In terms of conciseness and compactness, Classical Chinese rarely uses words composed of two Chinese characters; nearly all words are of one syllable only. Literature china essay stands directly in contrast with modern Northern Chinese varieties including Mandarin, in which two-syllable, three-syllable, and four-syllable words are extremely common, whilst although two-syllable words are also quite common within modern Southern Chinese varieties, they are still more archaic in that they use more one-syllable words than Northern Chinese varieties.

This phenomenon exists, in part, because polysyllabic words evolved in Chinese to disambiguate homophones that result from sound changes.

This is similar to such phenomena in English as the pen—pin merger of many dialects in the American south: Because Classical Chinese is based on the literary examples of ancient Chinese literature, it has almost none of the two-syllable words present in modern Chinese varieties.

Classical Chinese has more pronouns compared to the modern vernacular. In syntaxClassical Chinese is always ready to drop subjects and objects when a reference to them is understood pragmatically inferable.

Also, words are not restrictively categorized into parts of speech: Beyond grammar and vocabulary differences, Classical Chinese can be distinguished by literary and cultural differences: There are some grammar notes on it, which were to help Japanese speakers better understand it.

Classical Chinese was the main form used in Chinese literary works until the May Fourth Movementand was also used extensively in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.

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Classical Chinese was used to write the Hunmin Jeongeum proclamation in which the modern Korean alphabet hangul was promulgated and the essay by Hu Shi in which he argued against using Classical Chinese and in favor of written vernacular Chinese.

The latter parallels the essay written by Dante in Latin in which he expounded the virtues of the vernacular Italian.

Most government documents in the Republic of China were written in Classical Chinese until reforms in the s, in a reform movement spearheaded by President Yen Chia-kan to shift the written style to vernacular Chinese.

Buddhist texts, or sutrasare still preserved in Classical Chinese from the time they were composed or translated from Sanskrit sources. In practice there is a socially accepted continuum between vernacular Chinese and Classical Chinese.

Literature - Wikipedia

For example, most official notices and formal letters are written with a number of stock Classical Chinese expressions e. With the exception of professional scholars and enthusiasts, most people today cannot write in full Classical Chinese with ease. Most Chinese people with at least a middle school education are able to read basic Classical Chinese, because the ability to read but not write Classical Chinese is part of the Chinese middle school and high school curricula and is part of the college entrance examination.Chinese Essays The earliest Chinese prose was the contributions of the Hundred Schools of Thought during the Periods of the Spring and Autumn & the Warring States.

Philosophical writings such the works of Confucius, Laozi, Mencius, Mozi, Zhuangzi etc. collectively developed a simple, concise prose style featuring economy of words which .

Literature, most generically, is any body of written urbanagricultureinitiative.com restrictively, literature refers to writing considered to be an art form, or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage.

Chinese Essay Hundred schools of thought rose in China during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. At that time the dominion of a slave society began to wane and the newly arising landed classes struggled for their own benefit.

Pa Chin's Family is a historical, semi-autobiographical narrative of the hardships endured by the members of an aristocratic family during the massive transformation in Chinese social and political order that took place during the early 20th century.

Child Obesity Essay The main causes of obesity are: the decreased level of nutrients intake, and sedentary urbanagricultureinitiative.com example, the intake of fast food meals tripled between and , and calorie level magnified four times during the same period.

Nevertheless, it is insufficient explanation of phenomenal rise in the obesity levels in the well-developed countries. Good Reader, Bad Reader from Boston Review. Bad readers were not born, they were created.

To know them is to understand literature and politics in postwar America.

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