Companies come in all different shapes and sizes, and the same can be said of their organizational structures. These structures also vary in how those strata are defined. Functional A functional organizational structure, also called a bureaucratic organizational structure, divides the company based on specialty. For example, under this type of organizational structure, you would assign separate divisions for marketing, accounting and sales.
ManagementStudy Notes. Introduction To Organisation Organisation is one important element of the management process. It is next to planning.
In management, organisation is both the process as well as the end-product of that process which is referred to as organisation structure.
Such structure acts as the foundation on which the whole super-structure of management is built. Sound organisation structure is essential for the conduct of business activities in an efficient manner.
It is within the framework of the organisation that the whole management process takes place. The success of the management process will be determined by the soundness of the organisation structure.
Organising involves integration of resources in order to accomplish the objectives. The term 'Organisation' is derived from the word 'organism' which means a structure of body divided into parts that are held together by a fabric of relationship as one organic whole.
In an enterprise, many managers and employees work together for achieving common objectives. It is the organisation structure which binds them together and brings proper adjustment and coordination in their work.
The division of work and authority and the establishment of relationship among individuals or groups are possible due to the organisation structure. In simple words, organizing means arranging the ways and means for the execution of business plan.
It is the creation of administrative set-up for the execution of the plan. It suggests the framework within which the management functions.
Organisation provides mechanism for integrated and co-operative action by two or more persons with a view to implementing any plan. Organisation facilitates efficient administration, direction and control.
It avoids wastage of raw materials and human efforts. Every management has to establish its own organisation structure for efficient conduct of business activities There are different structures which can be given to an organisation.
They include line, functional and so on. An organisation deals with a number of elements which defines the relationships between the members of a group.
It is concerned with the channels of communication and lines of authority. It also defines the degree of authority and responsibility of each person in the organisation. In short, organisation clarifies relationships and provides a framework within which all managerial actions take place.
Organisation involves the following aspects: Grouping up of these activities into workable units Departmentation. Assigning duties and responsibilities to subordinates in order to achieve the tasks assigned. Delegating authority necessary and useful for the accomplishment of tasks assigned.
Providing a system of co-ordination for integrating the activities of individuals and departments. Definitions of Organisation An Organisation has been defined by E.
Breach as "a system of structural interpersonal relationships. In it, individuals are differentiated in terms of authority, status and roles with the result that personal interaction is prescribed, and anticipated reactions between individuals tend to occur while ambiguity and spontaneity are decreased".
According to Louis A. Allen, Organisation is "the process of identification and grouping the work to be performed, defining and delegating responsibility and authority and establishing relationships for the purpose of enabling people to work most effectively together in accomplishing objectives".
James Mooney defines organisation as "the form of every human association for attainment of a common purpose".
Importance of Organisation Ensures optimum utilisation of human resources: Every enterprise appoints employees for the conduct of various business activities and operations.
They are given the work according to their qualifications and experience. Organisation ensures that every individual. Is placed on the job for which he is best suited. It acts as a means of bringing coordination and integration among the activities of individuals and departments of the enterprise.
It establishes clear-cut relationships between operating departments and brings proper balance in their activities.Chapter ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES: CONCEPTS AND F0RMATS When two or more people work together to achieve a group result, it is an organization.
After the contingency approach an approach to organizational structure that states that the most appropriate organizational structure depends on the situation, consisting of the particular. Module 2: Organizational Structure, by Pathfinder International, is a concise manual describing pros and cons, together with suggestions for how one might change the organizational structure .
A functional organizational structure is a structure that consists of activities such as coordination, supervision and task allocation.
The organizational structure determines how the organization performs or operates.
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE The organization structure The organization structure refers to the ways in which the organization’s activities are divided, grouped, and coordinated between managers and employees.
The structure is based on the organizational design and has to be appropriate to the strategy of the organization Cream Dream is a small business concern at present.
Structure in any organization is inevitable-- an organization, by definition, implies a structure. Your group is going to have some structure whether it chooses to or not.
Your group is going to have some structure whether it chooses to or not. Describe Each of the Three Major Types of Organizational Structure by Renee O'Farrell How a company is organized affects how efficient it is and how quickly it can respond to changes in the market.